Violent conflict in Syria since 2011 has taken a heavy toll on the lives of the Syrian people and the Syrian economy, creating an unprecedented crisis of refugees and internally displaced people, and significantly damaging infrastructure across health, education, energy, water and sanitation, agriculture, transportation, and housing sectors. In July 2015, the World Bank Damage and Needs Assessment report of six governorate capitals estimated the total damage of between $3.7 to 4.5 billion indianpharmall.com. Syria’s GDP is estimated to have fallen by 15.4 percent per year since 2011.
Syrian experience with private sector participation in infrastructure has been limited to the telecom and port sectors (Lattakia and Tartous Container Terminals). In 2009, the government set up a PPP Unit within the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister of Economic Affairs to promote and development a PPP project pipeline, and in 2010 a draft PPP Law was prepared that would regulate the implementation of PPPs and supersede the Public Procurement Law Number 51 of 2004 and replace the PPP Unit with a new PPP Bureau. Understandably, the conflict has delayed the passing of the PPP Law, but in August 2014 the Council of Ministers forwarded the draft Law to the People’s Assembly to begin consultations.
Given the on-going conflict in Syria, any attempts to launch PPP projects or develop a broader PPP program will likely remain on hold in the short term.
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